All cut taps are not manufactured on equal footing. Most European and Japanese taps are produced from powdered metal blanks. This allows for improved performance of the cutting edge due to the irregular grain structure of the tool. Coatings are also “state of the art” and have a large impact on performance. An example of unique design is the LMT V-Magic Tap. The coating consists of a TICN multi-layer coating on the threads with a steam oxide coating in the gullet. It is designed to improve chip removal performance in materials that produce long erratic chip flow. The steam oxide coating has a greater coefficient of friction than the TICN and forces the curling chip to pack more densely as it flows away from the tap. This aids in controlling the chip flow and form improving the overall performance of the tap.
Roll threading a journal requires turning the diameter before rolling. Roll threading implies that part volume is a key. In any high-volume production application, the parts require turning to prep for threading. The blazing speed of roll threading can be mirrored with equal speeds in turning the blank. Utilizing a multi fluted indexable hollow mill with 3 or more carbide turning inserts can triple or quadruple turning speeds always utilizing a single pass process. Nothing is faster or more accurate.
Most always, the time saved in turning, more than pays for the tooling costs. It always yields dramatic production cost savings as well as equally dramatic production increases. Not all hollow mills are created equal. Some indeed work better than others and our years of thread rolling experience have given us an edge in identifying the right tool for your application. Sample us with your component requirements and challenge us to identify the ideal tool for your application.
Through the publication of previous blogs, we have discussed in some depth the critical advantages offered by rolling as opposed to cutting threads in most metals. The tooling design has changed little over several decades. Using the tools successfully required some self-taught practices that could be derived from the published instruction furnished with the tool. We know, only too well, that often the publications were read after the fact when failure was the initial result. The versatility of the tool required some set-up knowledge that was not broadly covered in the instructions or was misunderstood. While the tool was initially used broadly on multi spindle screw machines and set up was conducted by trained experienced set up people, the transition to single spindle CNC applications often lacked the trained set up technician.
Recognizing the changing work place applications, more recently, the tool design has been altered to make it a more user-friendly tool. Previously, the tool had to be manipulated to use it effectively through its entire range of thread sizes. Distinguishing the changing market place applications encouraged the German designers to “modernize” the set-up capability of the tool.
The newest inception of the tried and true thread rolling attachment has been upgraded to the newly designed EVO style. The EVO tool utilizes a setting adjustment that can function through the entire range of the tool. This eliminates the need to disassemble and reconfigure the tool to accommodate the smallest to largest possible thread that can be run by the tool. The tool has two distinct gauge readings that can be mounted to provide easy viewing of the set point. The closing handle can be rotated 360 degrees to allow for virtually any location to create the closing of the head after each operation. These basic but vital changes have made the tool much more user friendly. While the basic differences between the older original design and the newer EVO design don’t impact the usefulness of older tools, the new EVO design changes can be a reason to migrate to the new design. The EVO design also utilizes solid carbide bushings between the spindle and roll negating the need for roller bearings. This too helps to reduce changeover time and is a secure method to lengthen service time between spindle replacement.
Global tooling sources are a common resource for virtually every country within our planet. North America, Europe, Asia, Scandinavia and Japan presently supply the bulk of the world’s requirements for metal working tools. The speed and efficiency of world travel has opened the world as a market place for technology no matter where the source. This advantage to manufacturing has only been achieved within the past few decades. Prior to the advent of speedier international travel, technology evolved but was localized.
The twentieth century is notable for warfare and advances in technology. We learned following Germany’s defeat in World War Two that they were within weeks of deploying their version of the Atomic Bomb. Certainly, this would have a devastating impact on Great Britain or the United States or both. Jet aircraft, rocketry, carbide cutting tools and thread rolling technology were a few of the revolutionary products developed for warfare by Germany. As victors, the Allied countries were the future beneficiaries of Germany’s strategic technologies. Today as our ally, Germany continues to develop tools and products that help manufacture products more efficiently and more cost effective.
Metalworking has been advanced with thread rolling technology that improves cost and performance of any threaded product. Carbide has been improved with new coating technologies and grades that have virtually eliminated the use of high-speed steels in manufacturing. As an example, Fette introduced a coated carbide insert for machining Aluminum that can achieve operating speeds to 10,000 SFM. Coated carbide nib taps that can outlast their steel counterpart by a 10 to 1 ratio. High speed milling spindles that start at 50,000 rpm. The revolution in development of metalworking tools is most visible at any tooling show throughout the world. Today’s manufacturer must research and deploy the best tool for a job or face being pushed aside by the competition. Among our strengths is external and internal threading. We can help improve your product performance and cost employing the tooling strategies just discussed. Simply contact us and challenge us to help you achieve the cost and performance benefits we’ve outlined.
Rolling screw threads in metal is the most cost and quality effective method of producing threaded parts. Three basic thread production technologies exist throughout the metal working world. Axial tools produce one thread with each revolution and have no length limitation other than the potential stroke length of the machine the tool is mounted on. The tool design utilizes a roll that requires a soft lead to start the metal deformation leading to a finished thread form. Depending on the roll lead the part will exhibit 1.5 or more unfinished thread forms at the end of the part. The harshness or softening of the lead has a direct impact on overall roll life. Despite the unfinished thread characteristic, it is possible to gauge to a shoulder using an undercut behind the thread body to clear away the unfinished thread portion.
Fette thread rolls are designed with different lead designations labeled .6K, 1K, 2K and 3K.
0.6K lead roll leaves 1.5 unfinished threads.
1k lead leaves 2 unfinished threads.
2K lead leaves 3 unfinished threads
3K lead leaves 4 unfinished threads.
Both 1K and 2K lead rolls are considered standard and priced accordingly. A .6K and 3K lead roll set are considered “special” and are premium priced.
Is there any advantage to running lengthy leads? OF COURSE! A 2K lead can add 20% to roll life in many materials. A 3K lead is frequently used in the oil patch industry and the additional unfinished threads have no impact on the performance of sucker rods as an example. Cost and availability of rolls often become the driving factor in tool selection as well as part design. Applying the best roll selection can impact on overall cost per thread but part design is frequently the driving force behind roll selection.
When thread design commands very short threads or little to no relief, axial thread rolling is not the best option even though axial rolling is always the lowest cost tooling option.
The creation of screw threads began several centuries ago, as a cutting technology. It was first used in wood applications and as cutting materials improved, metal applications. With the advent of more powerful machinery, rolling threads on various metals became possible. The ductility of most metals lead to the discovery and development of thread rolling technology. Each technology had benefits that were strongly influential in their direct application.
Cut threads require lower horsepower to be successful and could be used in materials with little or no ductility. Most threads up to 2″ diameter are easily rolled on most manual and CNC machines, both horizontal and vertical. Mechanical requirements are easily calculated. A one-inch length of a cut thread can be completed in many materials in 10 seconds. Difficult materials require more passes and more cycle time. Rolled threads can be completed at a rate of 1 inch per second of cycle time. Difficult materials pose little if any additional cycle time requirements. Cut threads create sharp, bright finishes and are without question prettier than rolled threads.
Rolled threads produce radiused root and crest of the thread and exhibit at least a 40% increase in tensile strength over a cut thread. Rolling a thread redistributes the grain of the material while its cut thread cousin cuts across the grain. Cut threads will always win a beauty contest over rolled threads but will lose in overall quality comparison in all roll-able materials. In many of the more difficult materials to cut, rolling can increase tensile strength by as much as 300%. Cut threads in corrosive materials will always corrode at a more rapid rate than a rolled thread with burnished flanks. Many applications that specify rolled threads only are taking advantage of tensile improvement and corrosion qualities.
Roll cost as a ratio of parts produced versus insert cost per parts produced, rolling will always win the overall tool cost comparison. All thread classes can be cut or rolled. If your part cost can be improved by shorter cycle time and improved tensile strength, thread rolling may be your single opportunity to garner bid work in a job shop atmosphere. Challenge us to help you find the best cost and quality to improve your winning bid ratio.
Our shared victories with our allies in two world wars made us recipients of several technological discoveries. Following the end of WW2, jet propulsion and rocketry were only two of many technologies to migrate to America along with many of the scientists and engineers who developed them for our enemies.
Rolling of external threads in metal became one of the technologies we garnered from Germany. National Acme Machine Company in Cleveland Ohio developed a joint venture with the Willhelm Fette Co. in Germany to market and use thread rolling attachments in their multi spindle production machines. James Abbott from NAMCO became the US point man for the joint venture. As time moved forward, NAMCO was acquired by the Cleveland Twist Drill Co and they made an internal decision to copy and produce the thread rolling tools being imported from Europe. This led to the development of Fette America and the product from Germany imported to the American market. Jim Abbott became their technology manager for their American market place.
Since the disillusion of the joint venture, the American made product changed ownership several times but did not evolve. The German product on the other hand continued to evolve with many strategic changes implemented to allow the device to be used on modern CNC equipment as well as multi spindle machines. The product continues to evolve today and Turning Concepts (TC) has taken an active role in the evolvement. TC has developed an attachment for axial thread rolling heads that permits a roll on roll off strategy taking advantage of the canned cycle programs of the typical CNC machine. Patent applications are processing while implementation is in progress. Rolling heads are being preset and shipped with specific instruction that typically allow installation with first piece acceptance. We at TC prefer to lead with a technology we understand and can apply with confidence. Let us help by sharing our experience and implement a solution to your manufacturing demands.
There used to be an old saying “You can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make him drink.” For too many years this saying could easily apply to thread rolling technology. For too many potential users it seemed too complicated, too difficult to understand. It was thought the tooling required could only be applied to multi spindle screw machines. The reality is it can be relatively simple to apply and even more appropriate to install on modern CNC equipment.
We have been involved in the application and development of thread rolling attachments for more than 50 years. Application knowledge and service have been the core strength of our organization servicing North America’s thread rolling users. We indeed cover North America and despite our location in the Eastern Time Zone, we service customers in the Central, Mountain and Pacific time zones as their workdays unfold. Our application engineers routinely monitor their phones daily. Accepting calls from end users throughout North America as their time dictates. Precise knowledge and dedicated service make our organization the “go to” people for thread rolling technology. Certainly, we want to sell thread rolling products but more importantly we want to support your threading applications. Knowing your threading history and machine applications give us confidence in your repeat business and provide you with the confidence to expand your application. Contact us, we’re eager to provide you with contact names and phone numbers of our people that can be your mobile guide.
The critical costs involved in any manufacturing endeavor always include time, materials and overhead. Most frequently we strive to control material and tooling costs as our best solution to control product cost. Time is usually the highest cost involved in manufacturing any product. We like to believe we have focused on this aspect by using state of the art machines and tools. A real example is the use of modern CNC lathes and mills to turn and mill intricate metal parts. Single pointing with carbide inserts and computer control appear to maximize the efficiency of today’s machines.
An old but still very effective technology is hollow milling. This can be done on any CNC machine. Normal turning operations that utilize single point turning with multiple passes can be achieved with an indexable hollow mill using several inserts in one pass. Often much longer turned lengths can be achieved without dreaded push off.
How much return can be achieved with an operation that reduces several seconds of cycle time is an easy calculation. Have you run turning cycles over 10 times diameter unsupported? WE HAVE. Furthermore, we have the modern indexable, cost effective tooling to achieve results that are driven directly to the bottom line. Threaded forgings probably represent a product with the highest return but virtually any machined product can benefit from hollow milling.
Let us review your product and suggest our approach at reducing your manufacturing cycle time. The results can be rewarding. The investment is minimal. We can share several cases where the application of hollow milling helped a customer land a manufacturing contract from their competition through inventive tooling applications.
Fixturing a thread rolling head in a modern CNC machine can be enhanced with the addition of a fixturing flat on the shank of the tool. The present design of the modern EVO style Fette thread rolling tool can be effectively anchored by machining a flat anywhere on the 360-degree circumference of the tool. This is effective due to the ability of configuring the closing ring in to any position required.
The multitude of older tools that were designed with a fixed closing handle had to be carefully positioned to identify the accurate location of a fixturing flat. Without a fixturing flat on the shank, it was probable that the tool could spin if something went wrong with the process. This in turn could lead to a collision problem and probable tool breakage. Machining a flat from the manufacturer was not possible since it was unclear where and on what machine the tool would be installed.
We can help with strategies to fixture the tool accurately once we know the machine detail. Contact us for processing assistance.